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歷代名窯瓷器圖譜

時間星河 2019-10-08 15:41:44

歷代名瓷圖譜

此為明項元汴撰《歷代名瓷圖譜》的英譯本《Chinese porcelain》(卜士禮:Stephen Wootton bushell譯編),介紹據傳為晚明項元汴所見所藏宋、元、明諸窯名瓷圖片83款,圖施彩繪,中英文對照。此書于1908年在英國牛津出版。

本書早于其后稱為「民國第一書」之郭葆昌觶齋《校注項氏歷代名瓷圖譜》出版,并為郭氏出版本之源起。線裝中國古籍形式,為西方出版中國陶瓷著作之少見裝幀形式。全書彙集據傳為晚明項元汴所藏宋明名窯瓷器圖片83幅,中英文對照,文圖對映,彩印精細。作者前言介紹,此書書稿自清初即收藏于怡親王府,清末1885年初,有人求售于德國駐華公使卜蘭德(Von brandt),后者于留審期間偷謄副本,還原稿于原主,之后由布紹爾博士購得并帶回倫敦,但不幸毀于1887年之火災。之后,卜士禮又從臨摹過該書稿的畫師李澄淵手中求得臨摹本,而于1908年在英國出版,此書出版后于海內外影響極大。1931年,經郭葆昌、??詬檬榛∩?,并與另外一本摹本參照、修訂,對部分圖畫重新著色,改正部分譯文,并加注釋,而出版《校注項氏歷代名瓷圖譜》,號稱「民國第一書」。

項元汴,項元汴(1525—1590),字子京,號墨林,別號墨林山人、墨林居士、香嚴居士、退密庵主人、退密齋主人、惠泉山樵、墨林嫩叟、鴛鴦湖長、漆園傲吏等,浙江嘉興人。明國子生,為項忠后裔,為明代著名收藏家、鑒賞家。

Stephen Wootton bushell,CMG,MD(中文名:卜士禮,1844年7月28日-1908年9月19日),英國醫生、東方學家,在中國陶器、錢幣學、西夏文等方面都有貢獻。

卜士禮出生于英國肯特郡,曾就讀于唐橋井中學(Tunbridge Wells School)與齊格威爾中學(Chigwell School)。后畢業于倫敦大學蓋伊醫學院(Guy’s Hospital Medical School),期間學習過有機化學與中藥學、生物學、地質學與古生物學、醫學與接生、法醫學等。1866年畢業后在蓋伊醫院任住院外科醫生,次年又任貝特萊姆皇家醫院(Bethlem Royal Hospital)駐院醫生(resident medical officer)。1868年獲倫敦大學醫學博士學位。

1868年1月,卜士禮在雒魏林推薦下,前往北京擔任英國駐華使館醫師,并兼任京師同文館醫學教習。他在中國居住長達32年,期間不僅精通了中文,還撰寫了許多關于中國藝術、錢幣學、地理、歷史等方面的論文。1900年退休后回到英國,此后出版了《中國藝術》(Chinese Art,1905年-1906年)、《歷代名瓷圖譜》(Chinese Porcelain,1908年)、《中國陶瓷圖說》(Description of Chinese Pottery and Porcelain,1910年)等著作。1908年在英國密德薩斯(Middlesex)逝世。

1

TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Copy of an ancient Sacrificial Vessel of Wen Wang.

宋定窯仿古文王鼎

2

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Copy of an ancient T’ao-t’ich Sacrificial Vessel.

宋官窯仿古饕餮鼎

3

Purple TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Copy of an ancient Sacrificial Vessel engraved with cicada designs.

宋紫定窯仿古蟬文鼎

4

TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Ancestral Vessel with monsters’ heads and band of scroll design.

宋定窯仿古獸面雷文彝

5

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Incense Burner with loop handles and manmillated feet.

宋官窯沖耳乳爐

6

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Antique Censer with fish-shaped handles decorated in deep red with ruddy clouds melting in the sunat dawn.

明宣窯積紅朱霞映雪魚耳香爐

7

HUNG-CHIH YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Small Incense Burner shaped as an archaic ‘oak basket’.

明弘治窯象籃小鼎

8

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Ink Palette inscribed with an augury of great peace.

宋官窯太平有象硯

9

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Ink Palette painted in blue with dragons.

明宣窯青花龍紋硯

10

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Water Dropper in the form of two persimmons coloured deep red.

明宣窯積紅雙柿水注

11

KO YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Brush Rest shaped as a mountain with five peaks.

宋哥窯五峯硯山

12

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Water Pot of tazza shape with cover.

宋龍泉窯高足豆水丞

13

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Water Pot engraved with cicada designs.

宋官窯蟬文水丞

14

Purple TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Water Pot for washing brushes of fluted form with band of coiling silkworms.

宋紫定窯百摺臥蠶洗水丞

15

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Brush Rest in the form of hills with a tall peak.

宋官窯高峯硯山

16

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Water Pot with monster mask handles.

宋龍泉窯獸面水丞

17

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Quadrangular Vase with ringed monster-head handles.

宋官窯獸耳方壺

18

Purple TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Sacrificial Jar with horned dragons.

宋紫定窯蟠虬壺

19

JU YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Trumpet-shaped Vase engraved with palm-leaves and scrolled designs.

宋汝窯蕉葉雷文觚

20

CHUN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Small Jar moulded with two phoenixes as handles.

宋均窯雙鳳小尊

21

SHU FU YAO of the Yuan dynasty.

Small Vase with garlic-shaped mouth ornamented with designs lightly tooled in the paste under the glaze.

元朝樞府窯暗花小蒜蒲瓶

22

JU YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Small rounded Beaker of old bronze design.

宋汝窯小圓觚

23

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Hot-water Bottle with swelling garlic-shaped mouth.

宋龍泉窯蒜囊溫壺

24

Purple TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Small quadrangular Vase to hold divining-rods.

宋紫定窯小蓍草瓶

25

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Flower Receptacle with several mouths.

宋龍泉窯多嘴花囊

26

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Lobed Vase of hexagonal form.

宋龍泉窯六角方瓶

27LUNG-CH’U AN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Small Vase for a single flower.

宋龍泉窯一只小瓶

28

TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Small Vase with two handles and bands of scrolled design.

宋定窯雙耳雷文小瓶

29

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Vase fashioned in the form of a whorl of palm leaves.

宋龍泉窯蕉葉瓶

30

CHUN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Miniature Vase for one flower with finely engraved decoration.

宋均窯細花一只小瓶

31

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Blue-and-white Vase fashioned as a section of bamboo.

明宣窯青花竹節杖頭瓶

32

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Wine Jar modelled in the form of a hornless rhinoceros.

宋龍泉窯犧尊

33

TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Wine Jar in the form of an elephant.

宋定窯象尊

34

JU YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Wine Ewer in the shape of a duck.

宋汝窯鳧尊

35

Black TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Duck-headed Wine Vase.

宋墨定鳧尊

36

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Wine Jar in the shape of a recumbent gourd.

宋龍泉窯匏尊

37

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Wine Jar in the shape of a goose painted in blue on a white ground.

明宣窯青花鵝壺

38

CH’UNG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Melon-shaped Wine Pot decorated with coloured glazes.

明成窯五彩甜瓜壺

39

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Elephant Jar painted in blue.

明宣窯青花象尊

40

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Deep red Wine Pot with phoenix-headed spout.

明宣窯積紅鳳首壺

41

CHUN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Wine Pot of flattened form decorated with floral scrolls.

宋均窯匾蒲壺

42

HUNG-CHIH YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Gourd-shaped Wine Pot with pale yellow ground.

明弘治窯嬌黃葫蘆壺

43

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Rouge Pot overspread with deep red ground.

明宣窯積紅卣壺

44

YI-HSING YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Tea Pot of Kung Ch’un’s make with ‘transmutation’ pale brown body.

明宜興變窯褐色龔春茶壺

45

YI-HSING YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Tea Pot of Kung Ch’un’s make with ‘transmutation’ vermilion red body.

明宜興變窯積紅龔春茶壺

46

HUNG-CHIH YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Pair of Tea Cups shaped as hibiscus flowers enamelled pale yellow.

明弘治窯嬌黃葵花茶杯

47

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Tea Cup shaped like a Buddha’s hand citron.

宋官窯佛指甲茶杯

48

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Set of Tea Cups decorated in blue with dragon pines.

明宣窯青花龍松茶杯

49

CH’UNG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Wine Cup simulating a crimson blossom of the Magnolia Yulan.

明成窯紫玉蘭杯

50

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

A Sacrificial Cup with dragon’s-head handle.

宋官窯螭首爵

51Purple TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Sacrificial Wine Vessel with grotesque dragon scrolls.

宋紫定窯蟠虬壺

52

CHUNG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Libation Cup of plain rounded form.

明正德窯素腹爵

53

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Libation Cup decorated with scrolled designs.

宋官窯雷文爵

54

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Tazza-shaped Cup decorated in deep red with three fish.

明宣窯積紅三魚把杯

55

HC’UNG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Tazza-shaped Cup decorated in enamel colours with grapes.

明成窯五彩葡萄把杯

56

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Tazza-shaped Cup painted in deep red with three pairs of peaches.

明宣窯積紅雙桃把杯

57

TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Cup fashioned like a plaited willow basket.

宋定窯柳斗杯

58

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Conical Wine Cup of archaic form painted in deep red.

明宣窯積紅斗笠杯

59、60

CH’ENG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Pair of little Wine Cups painted in ‘five colours’ with flowers and insects.

明成窯五彩草蟲小杯二只

61

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Small bowl-shaped Wine Cup decorated in deep red with three fish.

明宣窯積紅四魚小盞

62

YUNG-LO YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Small Eggshell Cup with dragons and phoenixes engraved in the paste under the glaze.

明永樂窯脫胎龍鳳暗花小杯

63

CH’UNG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Flat-bottomed Cup painted in five colours with geese.

明成窯五彩鵝缸杯

64

CH’NG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Flat-bottomed Cup painted in five colours with chicken.

明成窯五彩雞缸杯

65

CH’UNG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Small Wine Cup shaped like a chrysanthemum blossom and decorated in colours.

明成窯五彩小菊杯

66

CH’U NG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Wine Cup shaped like the root of a tree painted in colours.

明成窯五彩樹根杯

67

HUNG-CHIH YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Wine Vessel moulded in the form of two winged monsters.

明弘治窯蟠虬卣

68

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Wine Vessel with a transverse bowed handle attached by chains engraved with four deer.

宋龍泉窯四鹿提梁卣

69

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Sacrificial Vessel of archaic form decorated in blue and white.

明宣窯青花文姬匜

70

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Palace Rice-Bowl decorated in deep red with three fish.

明宣窯積紅三魚宮碗

71

TUNG CH’ING TZ’ of the Sung dynasty.

Hexagonal Bowl for washing brushes, engraved with floral scrolls.

宋東青磁菱花池洗

72

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Dish for washing brushes, decorated in deep red with pairs of fishes.

明宣窯積紅雙魚洗141

73

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Palace Dish decorated outside in deep red, with dragons engraved in the paste underneath.

明宣窯積紅龍文宮碟

74

KUAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Shaped Saucer engraved with carved lacquer ornamentation.

宋官窯雕文撇托

75

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Round Box perforated through the middle, painted in deep red.

明宣窯績紅穿心盒

76

CH’UNG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Round Box for rouge decorated in enamel colours.

明成窯五彩胭脂盒

77

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Relic Pagoda painted in five colours.

明宣窯五彩舍利塔

78

CHUN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Dragon Oil Lamp.

宋均窯蛟燈

79

LUNG-CH’UAN YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Oil Lamp with a branched pedestal supported by a clawed foot.

宋龍泉窯乙花雞足燈

80

CHUNG-TE YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Saucer-shaped Lamp with projecting handle supported by phoenix and tortoise.

明正德窯有柄鳳龜燈

81

CH’ENG YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Oil Lamp in the form of a Nelumbium lotus decorated in enamel colours.

明成窯五彩蓮花燈

82

TING YAO of the Sung dynasty.

Pricket Candlestick with phoenix and lotus-blossom details.

宋定窯鳳蓮燈

83

HSUAN YAO of the Ming dynasty.

Oil Lamp with four nozzles painted in blue with white ground.

明宣窯青花四臺燈

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